Education - Pathway to Professional Status
The history of nursing is intertwined with the history of nursing education and nursing’s quest for a professional identity. (Allen, 2006) Education has been vital in providing the knowledge, skills, and ability to give quality care to our patients, elevating nursing to a profession and gaining the respect of other professions. The path to nursing's identification as an independent profession has not been an easy one as nursing, dominated by women, was initially bound to the Victorian ideal of women, and hospitals' need for an inexpensive source of workers, which conspired to slow nursing's progress toward status as a profession.
Physicians, while recognizing the need for nursing care feared that if nurses were given too much education the nurse would supplant them. These were challenges that nurses needed to overcome; given the enormous challenge, slowly (some say too slowly) nurses have risen to the challenge - thus was the profession of nursing built.
In the eighteenth century and the early nineteenth century women without formal training, unpaid and relying on ’family’ and /or folk remedies, women were expected to care for family members and neighbors who were ill or unable to care for themselves. One notable exception were women members of religions orders who provided the only trained nursing care of the sick.
Dr. Valentine Seaman –1798— has the distinction of having made the first attempt to teach nurse nurse attendants belongs to the New York Hospital and to Dr. Valentine Seaman, one of its medical chiefs, a remarkably broad minded man ,is due the honor of having conceived and initiated the first system of instruction to nurses on the American continent.”
Dr. Joseph Warrington described as " a man of liberal opinions and high ideals" . On March 5, 1839 the Nurse Society was formed in Philadelphia which sought females with" good habits, a sense of responsibility, and patient dispositions" to go into the homes of patients. The nurses were taught by the physicians in the lying in department of the Philadelphia dispensary.
Nurse’s Guide by
Dr. Joseph Warrington
SERIES OF INSTRUCTIONS TO FEMALES WHO WISH
TO ENGAGE IN THE IMPORTANT BUSINESS
OF NURSING MOTHER AND CHILD IN
THE LYING-IN CHAMBER BY J. WARRINGTON, M.D.,
LECTURER ON PRACTICAL OBSTETRICS ; ACCOUCHEUR TO THE
PHILADELPHIA DISPENSARY, AND PHILADELPHIA NURSE
CHARITY; HONORARY MEMBER OF THE PHILADEL
PHIA MEDICAL SOCIETY ; AND FELLOW OF THE COLLEGE OF PHY,SICIANS
THOMAS, COWPERTHWAIT AND CO.
On March 5, 1839the Nurse Society was formed in Philadelphia which sought females with" good habits, a sense of responsibility, and patient dispositions" to go into the homes of patients. The nurses were taught by the physicians in the lying in department of the Philadelphia dispensary.Emergence of Nursing Schools: Just as in England at the end of the Crimean war, the Civil War became the impetus for the establishment of training schools in America. In 1872 Linda Richards graduated after one year of training from the New England Hospital for Women,: Linda Richards is considered America's first trained nurs