World War I
The beginning of the 20th century there were many American’s who visited and lived in Paris - tourists, students, travelers, and expats in France. During the summer months, their numbers reached up to 100,000 in Paris alone. The Association of the American Hospital of Paris was created in 1906 by several members of the American expats community in Paris. Their wish was to create a Paris-based hospital which would provide American expatriates residing in France with American-trained medical care in their own language, regardless of their financial means. On January 30, 1913, the United States Congress officially recognized the American Hospital of Paris, granting it federal status.
America did not enter WWI until 1917 but the American expats, working with the American Hospital established a volunteer ambulance service staffed by American doctors, surgeons and nurses. The ambulance service helps over 10,000 allied soldiers. A nearby school, the Lycée Pasteur of Neuilly-sur-Seine, is transformed into a temporary hospital and serves as a base for the ambulance service.